Things to Do in Amasya
Things to Do in Amasya: Amasya is a historical city with ancient rock tombs, two fortresses, and a museum of archeology. Here are some things to do in Amasya, Turkey. If you are looking for an authentic Turkish experience, Amasya is a great place to go.
Amasya’s Two Fortresses
Located on a 227-meter mountain, Amasya’s fortress was built during the Pontiac Kingdom. It has undergone numerous restorations and has eight levels of defense. During the Middle Ages and New Ages, the fortress was used to defend the city from invasion. Today, the fortress has stairways that make it easier to access its two levels. In addition to its defenses, the fortress also features living quarters and a maiden’s palace.
The Pontica built the fortress at Amasya, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Later, the Ottomans restored the castle. Today, you can see an old cannon on a ledge at the fortress. It fires each Ramadan, attracting young people to the area.
Amasya is located in the Middle Black Sea Region in northern Anatolia. The Yesilirmak River flows between two thousand-meter-high mountains, and flows east-west. The city was home to many civilizations throughout the ages, including the Hittites, the Phrygians, and the Ilkhanids. The town has also been a center for many artists, philosophers, and sultans.
The second of Amasya’s two forts is the Harsene Castle, which stretches across the steep rocks above the Yesilirmak River. The Ottomans occupied the town until the 18th century, and they used this fortress as their residence until the end of the Ottoman reign. The castle has eight levels of defensive walls that formed autonomous levels of defense.
The Inner Fortress was originally established in the 4th century. The Umayyads enlarged it in the 7th century. Then the Mongols took over, and it became known as Narin Qala. The fortress’s fortifications were largely rebuilt in the 16th and 17th centuries, but parts of the fortress were damaged in an earthquake in 1827.
Its Mosque Complex
Located in the heart of Amasya, Turkey, the Sultan Beyazit II Mosque is an architectural wonder with geometric designs and panels of calligraphy. The dome and upper levels of the prayer hall are surrounded by hundreds of windows that let in ample natural light. Two museums, which are housed in former theological schools, are also located on the complex’s grounds.
The mosque’s interior has impressive woodwork. Many pieces were crafted without nails using an interlocking wood joint technique known as kundekari. Visitors can climb the gallery to see the ceiling murals and can admire the intricately carved door. Although the original door is in the Ethnography Museum in Kastamonu, there is a replica on display inside the mosque.
The castle, which was built in 1865, is another fascinating historical site. The interior is decorated with period costumes, and there is an excellent garden. Despite its romantic history, the castle has a sad story to tell. Ferhat and Sirin’s tombs are located here.
Another important site in Amasya is the museum of the princes. The museum has a collection of statues of Ottoman Sultans. There is also a mausoleum of the Great Priest Tes, who lived in Amasya in the second century BCE. There’s also a mosque complex in Amasya, built in the fourteenth century by Ottoman Sultan Bayezid II. It’s one of the best examples of side-hall/zawiya architecture and comprises five individual units.
Amasya Museum: Amasya’s Museum, originally founded in 1925 in the Sultan Beyazit II Mosque Complex, expanded to its current location in the 1980s. It is set in a stunning Anatolian city and has a unique collection of artifacts and exhibits of 11 different civilizations. Its collection includes medieval, Islamic, and archeological finds.
Its Museum of Archeology
The Amasya Museum, otherwise known as the Archaeological Museum of Amasya, is a museum located in Amasya, northern Turkey. It features archaeological and ethnographic artifacts. There are also temporary exhibitions, and the museum is open to the public.
The museum includes a number of displays that focus on the early history of the region. One of the more popular exhibits is a mosaic depicting apples, partridges, and geometric figures. This mosaic has attracted many visitors to Amasya, which is famous for its tasty apples. The museum is not only home to ancient mosaics, but also to a number of archaeological finds made in the region.
The Amasya Museum was founded in 1925, and was relocated to its current location in 1980. Its beautiful Anatolian setting benefits the museum immensely. The collection of artifacts at the museum spans eleven different civilizations. There are also ethnographical exhibits, manuscripts, and Islamic mummies.
Its Ancient Rock Tombs
In northern Turkey, you can visit the ancient rock tombs of the Pontic kings at Amasya. The carved tombs range in size, and together they form a royal necropolis. The tombs are preserved in pristine condition and are worth visiting.
The most important rock tombs are the Pharnakes’ Tomb V. These tombs were influenced by the architecture of the Greek temples and set a new standard for rock tombs in Pontos. Its architecture was copied in other major rock tombs, including the Amaseia, Tomb of Tes, and several minor rock tombs.
Nevertheless, many objects remain, including coins and pottery fragments from the second to fourth centuries C.E. These were grave goods intended for use in the afterlife. Some of the tombs also feature murals, although these are in a very poor state. Some of the murals show geometric patterns, vines, and wreaths.
The entrances of the tombs are very high, making them difficult to reach. To enter them, you need a ladder. The three tombs have facades, though only tombs III and IV have columns. Tomb V has a rounded top. Most of the tombs’ parts were built separately and connected to the surface of the rock by clamps or dowels.
The Archaeological Museum of Amasya houses a large collection of artifacts. You can also view mummies of Ilkhanli rulers. The Sarayduzu Casern, a large rock tomb in Amasya, was reconstructed in 2009 and is now a museum and a congress center. Muslim saints are buried here, and it is believed that they had healing powers.
Its Apple Orchards
Apple orchards are a tradition in Turkey, and the Amasya varieties are world-famous. They yield for up to ten years and are very aromatic. In the midlands of Anatolia, Turkey produces the bulk of its apple crop.
The ‘Amasya’ apple cultivar is highly valued by consumers due to its superior taste and aroma. However, it suffers from several production constraints, including early blooming, poor fruit skin color, and biennial bearing. In order to overcome these constraints, a breeding program was initiated to improve the cultivar.